The disease of procrastination, which is referred to as "procrastination" in the literature, is the person's postponing or avoiding the work that needs to be trained. From time to time, as with every individual, there are moments when you postpone the work you need to do or you are busy with something else for the last time before starting that work. Postponing studying until the last time of the exams, not doing the projects until the deadline, not getting your room together, delaying the payment of the bills, not reading the books you need to read, etc. It is the pathological delay of behavior regardless of the outcome. We can talk about procrastination if you are constantly postponing the work you need to train by making excuses and if you can't take it slow and complete it, that is, if you deliberately and willingly avoid the work for which you are responsible. Procrastination, which is common in today's society, is a psychological condition that causes negative effects on social relations as well as disrupting the daily work of the individual. Since they postpone their work instead of doing it on time, anger, anxiety and stress problems increase as the time to complete the work approaches. In addition to this, showing depressive symptoms, getting depressed, having intense anxiety and physiological disturbances can also be seen in individuals with procrastination. As a result of the accumulation of work, it is inevitable to experience guilt, inadequacy, hopelessness and self-confidence problems along with the increase in the level of stress and anxiety. This situation turns into chronic procrastination in individuals who are constantly procrastinating and even suffer from stress and distress, but still continue this behavior. In our society, individuals of all ages and genders have a tendency to procrastinate.
In procrastination, both personality traits and procrastination components of the individual are considered. People who often feel inadequate, are lazy, act unplanned, do not use time management well and do not have sufficient equipment for the work they will do, are more prone to procrastination. In addition, having perfectionist personality traits, being afraid of failure and having high expectations for themselves are among the characteristics of people with procrastination. At the same time, individuals who tend to procrastinate are impulsive. They also have weak self-control because they get bored with the work they are responsible for, do not do important or unimportant work on time, and act according to their instant feelings. The procrastination behavior that a person exhibits in certain situations in some periods of his life is called procrastination according to the situation, that is, situational procrastination. For example; such as when a student does not study until the day before the exam and postpones his continuous study.
Main Reasons for ProcrastinationPerfectionism: It is one of the most important reasons for procrastination, which is caused by the person's desire to do the things that need to be done correctly and completely.
Being raised by authoritarian and oppressive parents in childhood: Children raised by authoritarian parents cannot explore their inner world in order to please their parents, and they may show procrastination as an unconscious reaction in adulthood. In fact, the expectation that underlies the authoritarian attitudes of parents is perfectionism. This turns into procrastination behavior as a result of internalizing the critical thinking of the parent before starting any work.
Lack of motivation: The person does not have sufficient internal and external motivation resources.
Not being able to manage time well: Inadequacy in time management is also one of the main reasons that lead people to procrastinate.
Fear of failure and anxiety: Especially the failure schema causes the person to delay directly before starting work. The belief here is the thought "I can't make it anyway".
Having insufficient knowledge: Not having sufficient knowledge and equipment in the job or duties for which one is responsible is also among the behaviors that push the person to procrastinate.
Job and duty obligations that are not suitable for the person: The work or duties for which the person is responsible also cause him to be postponed if they have a distracting, distracting or deterrent effect.
Methods of Coping with Procrastination- Try to know and understand yourself first. What are you postponing? What can't you postpone? In line with your answers to these questions, you will have the opportunity to compare and evaluate the works that you postponed or not postponed.
- Make a note of why you postponed the tasks you postponed. Are your reasons for procrastination an obstacle or an excuse?
- Take care to remove distractions before starting work.
- Avoid doing everything at once. After you decide to start work, it will be useful to determine the order of importance. Try to complete your tasks in small chunks in order of importance and urgency.
-Write down your goals and what you do after each day. As you see the work you have completed at the end of the day, your motivation will increase and you will start to enjoy your work.
Finally; There have been or have been moments in the past when you had some responsibilities that you postponed or still continue to postpone. From now on, don't allow yourself to be angry or angry to create another procrastination. In order to overcome procrastination, you must first accept the illness and then face your fears. Remember, the most important thing you can do for yourself is to start a business, that is, to take action. It is very important and valuable to be able to start a business and take action. This will increase your self-confidence and motivation. You can't deal with procrastination just by thinking or complaining about your situation. If you still have difficulty taking action, if your procrastination continues and this is disrupting your daily routine, you can get support from a psychologist or psychiatrist.